Originally, the term AI was used exclusively in the sense of Turing’s dream that a computer might be programmed to behave like an intelligent human being. In recent years, however, AI has been used more as a label for programs which, if they had not emerged from the AI community, might have been seen as a natural fruit of work with such languages as COMIT and SNOBOL, and of the work of E.T. Irons on a pioneering syntax-directed compiler. I refer to expert systems.... Expert systems are indeed a valuable gift that the AI community has made to the world at large, but they have nothing to do with Turing’s dream.... Indeed, it is difficult to escape the conclusion that, in the 40 years that have elapsed since 1950, no tangible progress has been made towards realizing machine intelligence in the sense that Turing had envisaged.
Thursday, March 02, 2006
The Turing Test - Can we ever pass it ?
Passing the Turing Test seems to the holy grail of AI researchers and considered as the ultimate test of machine intelligence. In this article, Mark Halpern argues that the basic principle of the test is flawed because the premise which Turing asserts to judge a "thinking computer" does not apply to fellow humans as "thinking beings". And regarding the achievements of the AI community, he quotes Maurice V. Wilkes, the winner of the Turing Award :